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Oral Healthcare in Children

Oral Healthcare in Children

Do you know that babies are born with teeth?

Yes, they are, but you can not see them as they are embedded in the gums. Oral healthcare for your child has to start from the beginning.

Even before he starts teething, gum care is important for healthy teeth to erupt. They begin breaking through the gums around six months of age.

Taking care of your child’s oral health is your responsibility in the infant years and a little beyond that. If you begin well, it will set them on the right track for the rest of their life.

Common Oral Healthcare problems in children

Here are 7 of the most common dental problems that kids and adolescents get:

Cavities 

Cavities or dental caries are one of the most common oral complaints of childhood in the USA. If left untreated, they cause pain & infections that become worse with time and affect the child’s studies, talking, and eating. 

Tooth decay can happen in baby teeth as well as permanent ones. Do not shrug them off by thinking they are temporary and are lost anyway. 

You may not know if a child has a cavity. Look for these common signs:-

If you are suspicious of a cavity, contact your pediatric dentist at Kirkland Dentistry. We will examine the child for signs of decay and then advise treatment accordingly.

Tooth sensitivity

Causes of tooth sensitivity in children are:

Poor brushing habits- it leads to food lodgment in the teeth that irritates the gums

Tooth decay- decay eats into the enamel and exposes the inner layer which is more sensitive to heat and cold

Enamel erosion- it may happen due to eating sour, acidic foods or drinks as well as too many sweets

Sinus Infections- normal sinus infection may also cause your child’s teeth to become sensitive due to the sinuses pressing on the upper teeth, affecting both the nerves.

Loose fillings- When a filling wears down, it can cause sensitivity when your kid drinks something hot or cold or bites down a hard piece of food.

Oral emergencies in children

A dental emergency can happen to any child at any time.

The child may fall and break/crack a tooth, or she might bite her cheek and tongue resulting in bleeding or swelling, or get something stuck in the mouth.

It is important to take her to the dentist or the emergency room as early as possible.

Pediatric Gingivitis and Gum Disease

Do you notice a slight swelling in your baby’s gums or tenderness? He may have gingivitis which is gum disease and you are required to consult your dentist immediately. It can become severe.

Noticeable Symptoms of Gum Disease

The causes can be a deficiency of vitamin or essential nutrients, poor oral hygiene, grinding, other medical conditions, hormonal changes, certain medications, or even genetics. 

Treatment usually involves plaque removal processes, medication, & surgery for advanced cases.

Orthodontic Issues

Most parents believe they must wait to start orthodontic treatment for their child till she develops her permanent teeth.

However, orthodontic treatment is easier if started early. Several orthodontic issues are easier to correct while the jaw is still growing.

The American Association of Orthodontists advocates that every kid have an orthodontic examination before she completes 7 years of age. 

An early evaluation accomplishes 2 proposals. One, early detection of problems will lead to easier & shorter treatment in the future.

Second,  a healthy prognosis will provide mental relief to parents.

Symptoms that your kid may require orthodontic treatment is early or late loss of baby teeth, difficulty in biting, breathing from the mouth, finger sucking, crowded, misaligned or buck teeth and clenching.

Thumb Sucking

Constant and active thumb sucking can sometimes cause misalignment of the permanent teeth and affect the jaw or the shape of the mouth.

Besides, finger sucking exposes your child to dirt, bacteria, and infections. 

If it continues beyond  6 months of age, the habit is difficult to get rid of. Beyond the age of 5 years, the teeth may get pushed out of alignment.

It is better to use pacifiers and a soothing hand when the child needs comfort. Reward and praise her when she does not suck.

Conclusion

Build healthy oral hygiene habits when the child is a baby. Make brushing time a fun time for your kid.

At Kirkland Premier Dentistry Dr. Gaurav Sharma has 400+ hours of Continuing education from the prestigious AAID (American Academy of Implant Dentistry) He applies for the latest research & advances in dentistry to provide the best dental care to patients.

Take her for regular checkups every six months. Contact Kirkland Premier Dentistry for any queries. 

Author
Dr. Gaurav Sharma Dr. Gaurav Sharma Dr. Gaurav Sharma has been in practice since 2015, after graduating with his DDS from New York University with honors in Implant Dentistry that same year. Before moving to the U.S., Dr. Gaurav practiced in India for 4 years as an Associate Dentist after graduating from one of the top dental schools in India with a Bachelors's in Dental Surgery (BDS) in 2009. He is a good listener who takes time to explain different treatment options so patients fully understand. He takes pride in bringing smiles back to his patients. With his experience, skills & passion for dentistry, Dr. Sharma can provide the best dental care to his patients.

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